It presents a way to harness some previously known approaches to interprocedural dataflow analysis – which in past work have been applied only to much less rich settings – for interprocedural shape analysis. (2004) A Relational Approach to Interprocedural Shape Analysis.
When water temperatures rise a degree or two, corals expel their symbiotic algae – zooxanthellae – and turn white.
And now, starting before the current El Nino emerged and compounded by the huge, warm ‘Pacific Blob’, we are well into another global bleaching event. Some protective efforts that would reduce other sources of stress on the reefs are possible, for instance reducing both pollution and overfishing, especially of algal grazers. Now they will remain high or higher as the El Nino heat spreads and lingers (dnlr.hawaii.gov) Yet the Great Barrier Reef covers 135,000 square miles and since 1985 half of its coral cover has been lost; little remains of Caribbean coral reefs; the coral reefs around Hawaii and elsewhere in the Pacific have never been under such stress.
With the current El Nino now growing into something fierce, this bleaching event could last a couple of years, long enough to kill and crumble a lot of the corals. The future of coral reefs is really bleaker than ever.
But we are warned: sea temperatures rising because of climate change rather than El Ninos will not revert to past ‘normal’ temperatures. Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) that are large, old and isolated are recognized to be the ideal solution, but in much of the tropics where humans live in any abundance they are impractical, even impossible: completely restricting fishing is not an option.
Knowledge is empowerment and this course provides all of the required background information and cutting-edge strategies to enable a profitable change.
The implication is that although the actions may be perceived as injurious – especially to the workforce -- they will enable a transformation of the business.
Creative destruction is a process through which something new brings about the demise of whatever existed before it.
The term is used in a variety of areas including economics, corporate governance, product development, technology and marketing.
According to Schumpeter’s theory, creative destruction will lead to the eventual failure of capitalism as an economic system.
In current business use, however, the term is more likely to refer to unappealing choices that are considered necessary for sustainability.
The latter provides a way to naturally specify postconditions that relate the fields on the entry of a procedure to the field on the exit of a procedure.